Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments and Contingencies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Commitments And Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies

Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies


Securities Class Action and Shareholder Derivative Litigation Update

On June 7, 2019, a putative securities class action complaint captioned Derr v. Ra Medical Systems, Inc., et al, (Civil Action no. 19CV1079 LAB NLS) was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California against the Company, certain current and former officers and directors, and certain underwriters of the Company’s initial public offering. Following the appointment of a lead plaintiff and the filing of a subsequent amended complaint, the lawsuit alleges that the defendants made material misstatements or omissions in the Company’s registration statement in violation of Sections 11 and 15 of the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”) and between September 27, 2018 and November 27, 2019, inclusive, in violation of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). On March 11, 2020, lead plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed the underwriter defendants without prejudice. On March 13, 2020, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint. On March 24, 2021, the court issued an order granting defendants’ motion to dismiss claims under the Securities Act in full and certain claims under the Exchange Act and denying defendants’ motion to dismiss certain Exchange Act claims. Plaintiffs filed their second amended complaint on April 19, 2021, realleging the Securities Act claims and certain of the previously dismissed Exchange Act claims. On June 10, 2021, defendants moved to dismiss the second amended complaint. On November 12, 2021, following a private settlement mediation with the lead plaintiffs, the parties executed a stipulation of settlement that resolved the claims asserted in the securities class action. The settlement provides for a payment to the plaintiff class of $10.0 million. On March 18, 2022, the Company paid approximately $0.6 million towards the settlement to satisfy its self-insured retention/deductible. The Company’s insurers paid the remainder of the settlement. The proposed settlement requires both preliminary and final approval by the court. On February 11, 2022, the court granted preliminary approval of the settlement, scheduled a hearing on final approval of the settlement for June 13, 2022, and denied the pending motion to dismiss without prejudice. On May 2, 2022, plaintiffs filed a motion for final approval of the settlement and plan of allocation, and lead counsel filed a motion for an award of attorneys’ fees and reimbursement of litigation expenses. Should the court not provide final approval of the proposed settlement or if the proposed settlement otherwise does not become final, the parties will be returned to their litigation postures prior to the execution of the stipulation of settlement. Should the Company ultimately be found liable, the liability could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and its results of operations for the period or periods in which such determination is made.

On October 1, 2019, a shareholder derivative complaint captioned Noel Borg v. Dean Irwin, et al (Civil Action no. 1:99-cm-09999) was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware against certain current and former officers and directors, purportedly on behalf of the Company, which is named as a nominal defendant in the action. The complaint alleges breaches of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, waste, and violations of Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. On October 21, 2019, pursuant to the parties’ stipulation, the court stayed the derivative lawsuit until the related class action is resolved. While the Company has obligations to indemnify and/or advance the defendants’ legal fees and costs in connection with this lawsuit, any monetary recovery from the defendants would be to the benefit of the Company. The Company is unable to predict the ultimate outcome and is unable to make a meaningful estimate of the amount or range of loss, if any, that could result from any unfavorable outcome.

Settlement Agreements with the Department of Justice and Participating States

As previously announced on December 28, 2020, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement with the U.S., acting through the Department of Justice and on behalf of the Office of Inspector General, and other settlement agreements with certain state attorneys general to resolve investigations and a related civil action concerning its marketing of the DABRA laser system and DABRA-related remuneration to certain physicians.

Pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Agreement and the agreements with the participating states, (a) if the Company’s revenue exceeds $10 million in any of fiscal years 2021-2024, the Company also is required to pay for the corresponding year: $500,000 for 2021, $750,000 for 2022, $1 million for 2023, and $1.25 million for 2024; (b) if the Company is acquired or is otherwise involved in a change in control transaction before the end of 2024, the Company is required to pay an additional settlement amount of $5 million, plus 4% of the value attributed to the Company in the transaction, so long as the attributed value is in excess of $100 million, with the total change in control payment never to exceed $28 million; and (c) if the Company’s obligations under the Settlement Agreement are avoided by bankruptcy, the U.S. may rescind the releases and bring an action against the Company in which the Company agrees is not subject to an automatic stay, is not subject to any statute of limitations, estoppel or laches defense, and is a valid claim in the amount of $56 million, minus any prior change in control payments.

Other Litigation

In the normal course of business, the Company is at times subject to pending and threatened legal actions. In management’s opinion, any potential loss resulting from the resolution of these matters will not have a material effect on the results of operations, financial position or cash flows of the Company.